A Step Change in International Aviation: Israel Certifies Unmanned Aircraft System for Integration in Civilian Airspace
For the first time ever, the Civil Aviation Authority of the State of Israel (CAAI), which operates under the Israeli Ministry of Transport and Road Safety, certifies an unmanned aircraft system (UAS) for civil aviation, approving it to fly in civilian airspace as any other civilian airplane, not restricting its flight to unsegregated airspace. For safety reasons, international aviation regulations prohibit uncertified aircraft from flying in civilian airspace, limiting the operation of UAS to unsegregated airspace — until now.
This is an additional part of the Israeli Ministry of Transport and Road Safety's policy to adapt land and aerial transport regulations. The Ministry adopts an innovative approach responding to the challenges presented and opportunities enabled by technological developments in Israel and around the world.
The receipt of the type certificate from the CAAI completes the compliance of Elbit Systems’ Hermes Starliner UAS with the NATO standardization for approving UAS for integration in civilian unsegregated airspace.
CAAI has supervised the design and manufacturing of the Hermes Starliner UAS and led a rigorous six-year certification process that included extensive ground and flight tests. The tests were conducted in compliance with air navigation rules, airworthiness basis and aviation standards regulated by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).
Head of the CAAI, Joel Feldschuh, says, “We are proud to issue the type certificate to the Hermes Starliner UAS, approving it to fly in civilian airspace as any other civil aircraft. As far as CAAI is aware, this is a world first.”
“CAAI is an active partner in the ICAO effort to update international regulations to accommodate remotely piloted aircraft systems in civil airspace, and this type certificate granted to the Hermes Starliner UAS aligns with this international activity. This type certificate is the result of a fundamental process that we led for six years that included thousands of man hours, dozens of audits, laboratory tests, ground tests, intensive flight tests and thousands of documents,” adds Feldschuh.
With a wingspan of 17 meters and weighing 1.6 tons, Elbit Systems’ Hermes Starliner UAS is capable of up to 36 hours of continuous flight at an altitude of up to 25,000 feet and can carry an additional 450 kilograms of electro-optical, thermal, radar and other payloads.
To date, Elbit Systems has been contracted by the Swiss Federal Department of Defence and the Canadian Ministry of Transportation to supply the Hermes Starliner UAS and by a dozen additional countries to provide other variants of the Hermes 900 UAS.
The approval granting a UAS to fly above populated areas and in any civilian airspace enables governments, as well as international and commercial organizations, to incorporate large, long-endurance unmanned aircraft in missions that, until now, were only performed by manned aircraft. The Hermes Starliner UAS will be able to participate in border security and anti-terror operations; take part in securing mass public events; perform maritime search-and-rescue; and perform commercial aviation and environmental inspection missions, as well as precision agriculture work.
Elbit Systems integrated advanced civil-aviation technological capabilities onboard the Hermes Starliner UAS, a derivative of the technologically mature Hermes 900 UAS, to meet certification standards. These technologies include a terrain avoidance warning system; automatic take-off and landing in harsh visibility; redundant avionics, sensors and satellite data links; as well as adverse-weather capabilities and direct lightning-strike sustainment.
General manager of Elbit Systems Aerospace, Yoram Shmuely, says, “We are very pleased to have achieved this international breakthrough, solidifying our leadership in the UAS market. The capability to integrate UAS in civilian airspace now enables governments as well as international and commercial organizations to leverage the unique capabilities of a sophisticated UAS in their pursuit of significantly improved security and environmental protection.”